The Globe, January 24, 2008, Vol. 16, Issue 6.
The Globe, June 29, 2021, Online Edition
Horizon, October 17, 1990, Vol. 90-91 No. 9
This qualitative study examined how religion strengthened the marriages of three (n = 6) African American couples. An ancillary purpose of this study is to examine the extent that spirituality influences the marriages of these couples. Through the use of a family-strengths framework, this study examined how a religious orientation (Hill, 1968) stabilized Black marriages. Qualitative analysis revealed the following four themes: (1) Religion is The Foundation of the Marriage; (2) Couples Consistently Practiced their Religion; (3) Couples Turned to Religion during Difficult Times; and (4) Religion Transcended Race. The findings indicate these couples practiced their religion in all aspects of their lives. As it relates to spirituality, these couples discussed this construct as the relationship that they established between themselves and God, and God and their spouse. The study provides an explanation of why a paradox may exist within the African American community in terms of religion and divorce. The implications for research, practice, and policy are discussed. This is a video of the presentation, "The Effect of Religion on Black Marriages" given at the 2022 Undergraduate Projects & Research Conference at Salt Lake Community College. The presenter: Lucy Shirisia. The video can be accessed via YouTube here: https://youtu.be/dwdPul-mM6E
Rivers create natural variation within landscapes, leading to diverse habitat preferences among primate species. Understanding the habitat preferences of primates can be useful in assessing their overall ecological significance and informing future conservation efforts. The confluence of the Sarapiqui and Puerto Viejo Rivers forms a natural boundary at La Selva Research Station. This area is differentially occupied by primate species like Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey), Cebus imitator (white-faced capuchin), and Ateles geoffroyi (Geoffroy's spider monkey). Previous studies on C. imitator have supported a strong preference for secondary forest habitats over riparian habitats due to their lower canopy, as well as the presence of human-planted invasive fruit trees. For this study, I will be investigating the habitat preferences of C. imitatorin relation to the Sarapiqui and Puerto Viejo Rivers, to see if the results are approximate to those of other studies done in northeastern Costa Rica. I hypothesize that there will be a negative correlation between spatial proximity to rivers and C. imitator population density, consistent with the results of prior studies. C. imitator is a monkey of Central and South America, endemic to Honduras through northwestern Ecuador. They are black and white in color, express moderate sexual dimorphism, and weigh from 15 to 40 kg, depending on sex. They are predominantly arboreal, forming multi-male/multi-female groups of up to 24, and have a highly varied omnivorous diet. To test my hypothesis, I will do a census on C. imitator by walking all the trails at La Selva Research Station at a pace of 1 km per hour. I will record the number of individuals and their location by trail name and nearst meter marker. The group's proximity to rivers will be calculated using La Selva Research Station's trail maps, and I will compare the number of sightings near and far from rivers with the results of other research sites.
Having been born and raised in Panama, I often witnessed how many communities at risk struggled to obtain clean water and electricity. I vividly remember how the El Nino climate pattern brought a lot of drought to the country back in 2003. The drought was so severe that the government had to make the tough decision to either restrict electricity or provide drinkable water to the nation. It is a no-brainer that the latter was the better alternative to keep. Amid adversity, I saw many opportunities and became interested in learning more about sustainable energy processes and clean water filtering technologies. I decided to major in chemistry, and as part of my thesis work, I investigated how the water quality in lakes and rivers was affected by massive maritime transport through the Panama Canal. My training in materials and physical chemistry has led me to develop fundamental research insights that could enable high-performing and low-cost solar cells and energy storage devices that could one day be deployable to communities at risk in different parts of the world. Through my science journey, I have been empowered to instill in my students the gift of utilizing their unlimited talent to solve some of our global energy challenges. This is a video of the presentation, "A Non-traditional Journey thru Energy, Electronics, and STEM" given at the 2022 Undergraduate Projects & Research Conference at Salt Lake Community College. The presenter: Luisa Whittaker-Brooks. The video can be accessed via YouTube here: https://youtu.be/CdbxiMhNT4E
Geology seems to have become a ghost not talked about in many countries to understand the Earth's geological past. As a result, the present has been affected by unexpected natural hazards from which it has been challenging to recover. An example of this is El Salvador. Due to the lack of investment in geological science, its population has been less prepared for the disasters that have affected it in various areas. The country lies in the middle of the subduction zone in the northeast direction of the Cocos plate under the Caribbean plate. It is the middle point of the Central American volcanic chain that extends from Guatemala to Costa Rica, a length of 1,100 km. The compression produced by the subduction generates intense faulting throughout the country and is also the origin of the accentuated volcanic and seismic activity (Tonarini, S., 2007). In El Salvador, geological investigations and institutions are scarce, contributing to a lack of updating in the maps of geological structures and rock formations in the country. The geological map of El Salvador has not been updated since 1978 (Bosse et al. 1978). The lack of geological awareness in this country endangers its population and wastes the research potential of an area with many volcanic-seismic factors that are key to understanding subduction and plate movement in the Pacific. This knowledge cannot prevent future disasters but can better prepare the population and government to make smarter decisions with respect to hazards.
Taphonomy is the study of the processes that impact skeletal remains between the time of death and retrieval by forensic investigators. There are many different animals that will scavenge skeletal remains for food and minerals. By gnawing on the bones, carnivores and rodents will leave different types of indentations/marks on the bone. By studying these patterns of marks, we may be able to determine what animals were responsible, and thereby infer important information, such as if the remains were moved or left exposed. Ultimately, this helps us to reconstruct what happened to an individual's remains within forensic investigations. divorce. The implications for research, practice, and policy are discussed.
Interactions between species are thought to be one of the largest factors of natural selection. Prior research has shown that primate species are constantly interacting, and that these interactions are not always peaceful or playful. Studies from La Suerte Biological Station have shown that howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata) and spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) displace each other in order to get to the food resources. Other times, the two species are seen playing with each other. Alouatta palliata appear to be tolerant of other resident males but aggressive towards nonresident males. Ateles geoffroyi have been known to use fission-fusion dynamics which decrease competition and aggression. Whether these patterns of interactions are also found at La Selva Research Station is unknown. This study will examine the interactions within species and between species of Alouatta palliata and Ateles geoffroyi. I predict that interactions within Alouatta palliata groups will be more affiliative compared to interactions with Ateles geoffroyi groups. This research will take place at La Selva Research Station in May 2022. La Selva Research Station is located in the lowlands of the Caribbean in Costa Rica and is surrounded by the Sarapiqui and Puerto Viejo Rivers totaling about 103.89 km. Due to the high amount of rainfall, La Selva Research Station is covered with tropical pre-montane wet forest, which is more commonly known as rainforest. La Selva Research Station is home to Alouatta palliata, Ateles geoffroyi, and Cebus imitator. La Selva Research Station also has an expansive number of trails totaling in 50 km. Alouatta palliata are recognized by dark brown/black coloring with a lighter color along their sides and back. Males average about 9.8 kg while females average 5 kg. Ateles geoffroyi have dark hair with lighter coloring on their chest and stomach. Males and females both average between 6 and 9 kg. For my data collection I will be using instantaneous scan sampling with an interval of 30 seconds. I will alternate between Alouatta palliata and Ateles geoffroyi each day. For each scan I will record whether behaviors are solitary, affiliative, or aggressive, and for social behaviors I will record the partner. I will compare the amount of affiliation and aggression within groups and between groups.
The proposed research question, Is Animal Therapy Effective for Mood Disorder Recovery? will be used to provoke research and analysis into whether animal therapy truly is effective for mood disorder recovery. Studies were included where an animal was involved intentionally as therapy. Studies were also included that compared results of those with control groups, as well as pre-post one-group design. The results also showed that those waiting for a service animal and those who already had a service animal held very large variations between the two, though traditional psychotherapy interventions were statistically slightly less as effective as service animal therapy. Ultimately, the presence of animal-assisted therapy maintains benefits that can seem to slightly outweigh other psychotherapies, such as psychodynamic and cognitive behavioral therapy. This is a call for more future studies of the relief animal therapy can have on those with mood disorders; however promising the research has been so far, it is strongly noted that more needs to be done.