Music is sometimes referred to as a universal language and is enjoyed casually and professionally around the world by all classes of people. Music has been shown to have a great effect on the mind. It has been used to mitigate and improve the symptoms of those suffering from dementia and other mental illnesses. It is also used to enhance drug induced stupor and is sometimes argued to have an even greater influence on the state of mind than the substance consumed. Just about anyone will attest to music's ability to improve their mood, express emotions, and cope with stress. This literature review aims to determine how effective music therapy is in the treatment of depression and how it compares to other common treatments such as psychotherapy and drug treatments. It will also look at variations of and future possible uses for music therapy.
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