Smoke Billows Over Section of Cholon From Fighting Between the ARVN and Viet Cong
A pall of smoke hangs over the residential section of Cholon as hundreds of homes are consumed by fires resulting from the fighting between South Vietnamese Government troops and Viet Cong and North Vietnamese regulars.Photo by Douglas Pike.
Two Members of V-Company Use Smoke to Signal Location of Wounded During Operation Coburg
Preparing for a casualty evacuation, two members of V-Company, a New Zealand component of the ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) Battalion, use smoke to signal the location of men wounded during Operation Coburg to a dustoff helicopter. Coburg took place in the border area of Bien Hoa and Long Khanh provinces, to the north-west of Phuoc Tuy. In the foreground is Corporal W. Vautier, of the ANZAC Battalion. February 1968. Vietnam Veteran comment: "I used to go down to the field hospital, this was at Vung Tau, and some of the fellows down there. They really would have been better off dead. It was an ironic tragedy, if that's not a tautology, that they could rescue people that had been badly wounded and have them on the operating theatre within twenty minutes of being hit. Now most of those blokes would have died, in any other conflict. They wouldn't have survived… There were some terribly wounded blokes." Photo by Keith Williams.
Yellow smoke on the runway at Kam Duc. Photo by David Adams, a Cobra pilot in the gun group during the years 1970-1971 with the Scout Platoon, D Troop, 1st Squadron, 1st Cavalry Regiment. 1969-1970. Courtesy of Mike Gustin. http://www.dtroop.com/
White phosphorus is used in smoke, tracer, illumination, and incendiary munitions. In addition to its offensive capabilities, white phosphorus is a highly efficient smoke-producing agent, which burns quickly and produces an immediate blanket of smoke. As a result, smoke-producing white phosphorus munitions are very common, particularly as smoke grenades for infantry, loaded in grenade launchers on tanks and other armored vehicles, or as part of the ammunition allotment for artillery or mortars. These create smoke screens to mask from the enemy movement, position, infrared signatures, or the origin of fire. Photo by SP4 Robert Scheurer, 11B (1968 - 1969) 1st Platoon "The Pioneers" 1st Battalion, 11th Inf. Regiment, 1st Brigade, 5th Inf. Div. (mech). Quang Tri Province, RVN (Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN)). Photo repaired by Dan Fox